What is Departmentation?
Departmentation is the process of dividing an organization into smaller, specialized units or departments based on specific functions, products, customers, or geographical regions. Departmentation allows for better organization and management of an organization’s resources, as well as increased efficiency and effectiveness in achieving the organization’s goals.
For example, a large retail company may be divided into departments based on the types of products sold, such as clothing, electronics, or home goods. Each department may have its own managers, employees, and budget, and may be responsible for its own sales, marketing, and inventory management. This allows for better specialization and expertise in each area, as well as easier monitoring and control of each department’s performance.
Departmentation can also be based on geographic regions, such as when a multinational corporation divides its operations into different regions or countries. This allows for better management of local resources and better adaptation to local market conditions.
Definitions of departmentation:
“Departmentation is the process of splitting an organization into smaller manageable subunits. Division is based on either similarities in functions or products or any other close relationships. This dividing process results in creation of departments, divisions or sections.” – V.S., Manjunath (n.d.)
“Departmentation is a process of dividing the large monolithic functional organisation into smaller and flexible administrative units.” —Koontz & O’Donnell
“Departmentation is the way one groups job or divides up the work of the total enterprise. The result of departmentation is the creation of sub-unit often called departments.” —William F. Glueck
“Departmentation is a means of dividing a large and monolithic functional organisation into smaller, flexible, administrative units.” —Allen
Overall, departmentation is an important aspect of organizational design and helps ensure that an organization’s resources are effectively allocated and managed toward achieving its goals.
Elements of Departmentation:
Departmentation refers to the process of dividing an organization into smaller units or departments. The following are some of the elements of departmentation:
- Work analysis
- Division of labor
- Work analysis: Work analysis is an attempt to secure a number of close-up views of different operations and break down each task into its component parts. Work analysis is useful for simplifying procedures and for ensuring improvement in various processes.
- Division of labor: After proper work analysis, each worker is assigned a particular job in accordance with his qualifications. The principle of division of labor is based on the commonplace experience that every person cannot do every job. To have an economical setup, it is a sound principle to divide the work into various work units and to assign the various jobs to individuals separately. In a technical section of the library, classification and cataloging jobs are assigned to different persons.
- Specialization: Specialization is another important principle by which a specific job is allowed to a particular person considering his unique qualifications and capacities. In a library, we may have competent cataloguers, classifiers, and documentatists. So it will be for the benefit of the organization to avail the services of specialists for doing specialized tasks.
Characteristics of departmentation
Departmentation is the process of dividing an organization into smaller units or departments, each with its specific functions and responsibilities. The following are some of the characteristics of departmentation:
- Division of work: Departmentation involves the division of work among different departments. Each department has its specific functions and responsibilities, which are related to the organization’s overall objectives.
- Coordination: Departmentation requires coordination among different departments to ensure that the organization’s objectives are achieved. Coordination involves communication, cooperation, and collaboration among departments.
- Specialization: Departmentation allows for specialization in different areas of the organization. Each department can focus on specific functions, leading to the development of expertise in particular areas.
- Flexibility: Departmentation allows for flexibility in the organization’s structure. Departments can be added, modified, or eliminated to meet changing organizational needs.
- Authority and responsibility: Departmentation clarifies the authority and responsibility of each department. Each department has its specific authority and responsibility, which are related to the organization’s overall objectives.
- Autonomy: Departmentation allows for a degree of autonomy in each department. Each department can make decisions related to its specific functions and responsibilities.
- Efficiency: Departmentation aims to improve the efficiency of the organization’s operations. By dividing work into smaller units, departmentation allows for the specialization of tasks, leading to more efficient operations.
Departmentation in Library
Departmentation is the process of dividing an organization into smaller units or departments, each with its specific functions and responsibilities. Departmentation is an essential aspect of the effective management of libraries. Library departmentation involves grouping activities and tasks in a way that optimizes the management and provision of library services. This article will discuss the different elements of departmentation in a library.
- The Circulation Department is responsible for managing the circulation of library materials, including borrowing, renewing, and returning library items. It also manages the registration of library members and the issuing of library cards. The Circulation Department plays a crucial role in the library by ensuring that library users can easily access the library’s resources. The department manages the library’s check-in and check-out systems, ensuring that library materials are available when needed.
- The Technical Services Department is responsible for the acquisition, cataloging, processing, and maintenance of library materials. The department’s primary function is to acquire and organize the library’s collection, making it easy for library users to find and access the resources they need. The Technical Services Department is responsible for selecting and purchasing library materials, cataloging, classification, and labeling of materials. It also ensures that library materials are in good condition and that they are properly maintained.
- The Reference Services Department provides assistance to library users in finding and accessing information resources. The department provides reference services to users, including answering reference questions, providing research assistance, and delivering library instruction. The Reference Services Department plays a vital role in ensuring that library users can access the library’s resources effectively.
- The Children’s Services Department is responsible for managing library materials and services for children. The department’s primary function is to provide children with access to appropriate reading materials, manage children’s programs and activities, and provide library instruction to children. The Children’s Services Department is crucial in promoting early literacy skills, encouraging children to read and develop a lifelong love of reading.
- The Electronic Resources Department manages the electronic resources available to library users. The department manages the library’s online catalog, providing access to electronic databases and journals and managing the library’s website. The Electronic Resources Department is responsible for ensuring that library users can access the library’s electronic resources quickly and efficiently.
- The Special Collections Department manages special collections of library materials, such as rare books, manuscripts, and archives. The department’s primary function is to preserve and protect special collections materials, cataloging and indexing, and providing access to these materials. The Special Collections Department is essential in ensuring that the library’s unique and valuable resources are protected and made available to researchers and scholars.
- The Outreach and Community Services Department is responsible for providing library services to community members who cannot visit the library physically. The department manages mobile library services, provides library services to schools and community centers, and organizes community outreach programs. The Outreach and Community Services Department plays a vital role in promoting access to library services to the community and ensuring that everyone has access to the library’s resources.
Departmentation is an essential aspect of the effective management of libraries. Each department in a library has its specific functions and responsibilities that are crucial to the library’s smooth running. The department structure of a library may vary depending on the size of the library, its collection, and the needs of its users. However, a well-structured departmentation system ensures that the library’s resources are managed effectively and library users can access the resources they need.
The necessity of Departmentation in Library:
Departmentation is necessary for a library for several reasons, including:
- Efficient management: Departmentation allows for the efficient management of library resources. By dividing tasks and responsibilities into different departments, the library can ensure that each area of its operations is managed efficiently and effectively.
- Specialization: Different departments in the library can specialize in specific functions, such as acquisition, cataloging, reference services, or outreach programs. Specialization allows for the development of expertise in particular areas, resulting in better services to library users.
- Clear roles and responsibilities: Departmentation helps to define clear roles and responsibilities for each department. This clarity ensures that each department understands its functions and responsibilities, resulting in better coordination and communication among departments.
- Improved services: Departmentation enables libraries to provide a wide range of services to their users. The different departments can focus on specific functions, ensuring that library users have access to a variety of resources and services.
- Effective resource allocation: Departmentation allows for effective resource allocation, ensuring that the library’s resources are allocated appropriately to meet the needs of library users. The different departments can work together to ensure that resources are used efficiently and effectively.
- V.S., Manjunath (n.d.). Management Science. Pearson Education India.
- Gupta, S., & Bansal, J. (2022). Management Concepts-SBPD Publications. SBPD Publications.
- Soundaian, S. (2019). Principles of Management. MJP Publisher.
- Dutta, S. (n.d.). Mastering Commercial Applications – 9. Vikas Publishing House.
Dear Sir its an wonderful writings. I am really so pleased to read your class lecture once again. Sir this initiative to open a blog especially dedicated to library science even from our department is really commendable. I hope this blog will help all the students of our dept. to develop their departmental study. Hope it will be more enriched. I would also try to contribute if I can. Thanks sir once again also thanks to the administrator.